Brown Treesnake Program
The invasive brown treesnake was first detected on Guahan (Guam) in the 1950s. Native to Papau New Guinea and northern and eastern Australia, it was introduced accidentally in imported cargo, most likey by the US Navy. It has since had devastating effects on the island's local birds and lizards, driving 10 of Guahan's 12 native bird species to local extinction. It also attacks small pets and livestock and has has caused millions of dollars in damage by shorting out electrical power lines and transformers.
The Division of Fish and Wildlife Brown Treesnake Program (BTS) works to keep the brown tree snake out of the CNMI by creating and managing barriers on Saipan and Tinian. Currently there are no barriers on Luta (Rota) due to lack of funding. Barriers include inspections of transportation vessels, cargo, and warehouses where arriving cargo is stored, as well as traps along seaport and airport boundaries. BTS personnel train snake-detecting dogs that can sniff out snakes arriving in cargo.
The brown treesnake is light to dark brown, with distinctive shadow-like markings, and large eyes with oval pupils, a large head, prominent eyes, and a long, thin body. The snake ranges in length from about 18 inches (45 cm) to 10 feet (3 m) and its long oval-shaped eggs are a little over an inch in length.
The brown treesnake is mildly venomous and not dangerous to adults, but if a small child is bitten they should have immediate medical attention.
If you see a brown treesnake, kill it and then call 28-SNAKE (287-6253). Report any snake sightings immediately.
- Brown Treesnake Program Presentation
- Conservation Introduction as a Preemptive Management Strategy for the Avifauna of the CNMI
- Status and Trends of the Land Bird Avifauna on Saipan
- The First Species Conservation Introduction In the Northern Mariana Islands: Translocation of Bridled White-eyes to Sarigan from Saipan